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Glossary of Real Estate terms used by Baja Real Estate Group's website.

There are 367 Real Estate entries in this glossary. Complete with definitions.
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E

Term Definition
Earnest Money (Deposit)

Money put down by a potential buyer to show that they are serious about purchasing the home; it becomes part of the down payment if the offer is accepted, is returned if the offer is rejected, or is forfeited if the buyer pulls out of the deal. During the contingency period the money may be returned to the buyer if the contingencies are not met to the buyer's satisfaction.

Earnings Per Share (EPS)

A corporation's profit that is divided among each share of common stock. It is determined by taking the net earnings divided by the number of outstanding common stocks held. This is a way that a company reports profitability.

Easements

The legal rights that give someone other than the owner access to use property for a specific purpose. Easements may affect property values and are sometimes a part of the deed.

EEM

Energy Efficient Mortgage; an FHA program that helps home buyers save money on utility bills by enabling them to finance the cost of adding energy efficiency features to a new or existing home as part of the home purchase.

Ejido

The 'ejido' [pronounced:e-hee-do] (from latin exitum) system is a process whereby the government promotes the use of communal land shared by the people of the community. In 1991, Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari eliminated the constitutional right to ejidos, citing the "low productivity" of communally owned land. Since then some of the ejido land has been sold to corporations, although most of it is still in the hands of farmers.

Eminent Domain

When a government takes private property for public use. The owner receives payment for its fair market value. The property can then proceed to condemnation proceedings.

Encroachments

A structure that extends over the legal property line on to another individual's property. The property surveyor will note any encroachment on the lot survey done before property transfer. The person who owns the structure will be asked to remove it to prevent future problems.

Encumbrance

Anything that affects title to a property, such as loans, leases, easements, or restrictions.

Ensenada Real Estate

Land and all physical property on, below or attached to the land in the city of Ensenada in the state of Baja California, Mexico. Houses, sewers, trees and fences are all real estate.

Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA)

A federal law requiring lenders to make credit available equally without discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, age, sex, marital status, or receipt of income from public assistance programs.

Equity

An owner's financial interest in a property; calculated by subtracting the amount still owed on the mortgage loon(s)from the fair market value of the property.

Escape Clause

A provision in a purchase contract that allows either party to cancel part or the entire contract if the other does not respond to changes to the sale within a set period. The most common use of the escape clause is if the buyer makes the purchase offer contingent on the sale of another house.

Escritura

Mexican term for a final deed, signed in front of a notary. A deed is a signed and usually sealed legal instrument in writing used to grant a right. In this case the right of property ownership.

Escrow

Funds held in an account to be used by the lender to pay for home insurance and property taxes. The funds may also be held by a third party until contractual conditions are met and then paid out.

Escrow Account

A separate account into which the lender puts a portion of each monthly mortgage payment; an escrow account provides the funds needed for such expenses as property taxes, homeowners insurance, mortgage insurance, etc.

Estate

The ownership interest of a person in real property. The sum total of all property, real and personal, owned by a person.

Exclusive Listing

A written contract giving a real estate agent the exclusive right to sell a property for a specific time frame.